«­·´¯`·»¦« Some Thing About Allah Iqbal «­·´¯`·»¦«

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«­·´¯`·»¦« Some Thing About Allah Iqbal «­·´¯`·»¦«

Post  ÑiDØ_KiDØ on Thu Dec 09, 2010 7:30 pm


Hakeem-ul-Ummat Shaair-e-Mashriq Dr. Sir Allama Muhammad Iqbal was born in Sialkot on November the 9th,1877. He got his school and collegee ducation from Sialkot. He got his B.A. and M.A. from Government College Lahore. He got Gold Medal in M.A. Philosophy from University of the Punjab. Iqbal Stayed in Europe from 1903 to 1907 for higher studies. He studied at Cambridge (England) and Munich (Germany). Finally, he got his Ph.D. degree from the Munich University.
Dr. Iqbal died in Lahore on April the 21st, 1938. He is buried near the footsteps of the Badshahi Mosque Lahore.


Life Sketch:

Allama Iqbal is the son of Shaikh Nur Muhammad, was a tailor whose handiwork was quite well known in Sialkot. But it was his devotion to Islam, especially its mystical aspects, that gained him respect among his Sufi peers and other associates. His wife, Imam Bibi, was also a devout Muslim. The couple instilled a deep religious consciousness in all their five children.

Allama Iqbal As Poet:

Allama Muhammad Iqbal is generally known as a poet and philosopher, but he was also a jurist, a politician, a social reformer, and a great Islamic scholar. People even bestowed on him the title of "Shaere-Mashriq" (Poet of the East!). It may sound strange that Iqbal never considered himself a poet as is evidenced by his correspondence with Syed Sulaiman Nadvi [1885-1953].

"I have never considered myself a poet. Therefore, I am not a rival of anyone, and I do not consider anybody my rival. I have no interest in poetic artistry. But, yes, I have a special goal in mind for whose expression I use the medium of poetry considering the condition and the customs of this country."
(translated from the original in Urdu; Maktoobat, Volume I, page195)

Allam Iqbal As A Muslim:

Iqbal's contribution to the Muslim world as one of the greatest thinkers of Islam remains unparalleledThe central theme and main source of his message was the Qur'an.
Iqbal considered the Qur'an not only as a book of religion (in the traditional sense) but also a source of foundational principles upon which the infrastructure of an organization must be built as a coherent system of life.
Thus, in Iqbal's opinion, Islam is not a religion in which individuals strive for a private subjective relationship with God in the hope of personal salvation as it is done in secular systems. Iqbal firmly opposed theocracy and dictatorship and considered them against the free spirit of Islam.

Allama Iqbal Presidential Speech:

In his 1930 Presidential speech delivered to the annual session of Muslim League at Allahabad, Allama Iqbal stated:
"I, therefore, demand the formation of a consolidated Muslim state in the best interests of India and Islam. For India, it means security and peace resulting from an internal balance of power; for Islam, an opportunity to rid itself of the stamp that Arabian imperialism was forced to give it, to mobilize its laws, its education, its culture, and to bring them into closer contact with its own original spirit and with the spirit of modern times."

Allama Iqbal Deedawar:

Iqbal's "Deeda-war" (visionary), is like Iqbal himself. He could foresee what others could not. Whereas others only have a short term view of things, a visionary sees the problems in a long term perspective and develops some sort of cosmic sense. A nation is indeed fortunate if it produces a few such individuals in centuries. Such individuals, although very rare, change the course of history forever, as indeed Iqbal did. Pakistan owes its existence to Allama Iqbal. Thus, the people of Pakistan owe a great deal of gratitude to this extraordinary visionary.
Allama Iqbal's contributions are numerous and it is not possible to give even a glimpse of his work here.

Name: Mohammed Iqbal

Other names (Alaises): Poet of the East, The Poet Thinker, The Poet who dreamt Pakistan, The poet who awakened the Muslims of India. Spiritual father of Pakistan.

Birth: November, 1876 at Sialkot

Education:M.A. Government College Lahore,Barrister at law England,Doctorate in Philosophy Germany (1905-1908)

Profession: Taught Philosophy and Law. Barrister at Law. Member Punjab Legislative Council 1926-1930. President of Muslim League 1930 Knighted by the British in 1992 for poetry.

Hobbies and Passion, and claim to fame: Poetry in Urdu and Persian.


Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal, A Philosopher Poet, A Genius Linguist, A Man of Foresight, A Man of Strong Faith in All Mighty God, A Man of Peace and Unity, A Man of Justice and Equality, A Man of Love and Humility, A Man of Wisdom and above all, The Artist of First Ever Islamic Republic, which got freedom in name of Islam.

Allama Iqbal & Pakistan


. ” The Muslims wish to lead a life of freedom and honour. They want to live as a nation and this can be achieved if they have a separate Islamic state”. (Two nation theory, 1930)

” Cant you see that a Muslim, when he was converted more than a thousand years ago, bulk of them, then according to your hindureligion and philosophy, he becomes an outcast and he becomes aMalecha (an untouchable) and the Hindus ceased to have anythingto do with him socially , religiously , culturaly or in any otherway? He, therefore belongs to a different order not merely religiousbut social and he has lived in that distinctly separate and antagonostic social order, religiously, socially and culturally…can you posibally compare this with that nonsensical talk thatmere change of faith is no ground for a demand for Pakistan? Cant you see the fundamantle difference ?"

2 march 1941, Pres. address to Punjab Muslim Students Fed.

Dr. Muhammad Iqbal, A Man who devoted his life for his people. The dynamic leader of slave Muslims of India, who dared to preach Self-Respect to subjugated and exploited Muslims of India. Who had been the first drop of rain, who taught the lesson of Dignity, Prestige and Grace to his people, who had been socially destroyed and physically trampled by the British Rulers.

Dr. Muhammad Iqbal, A Man who loved his people, who was not like ordinary leaders, who was not power or fame hungry, found out the right person for administration and management for Independent Muslim State Resolution and handed over all authorities of All India Muslim League to him. This dynamic and bright leader of Indian Muslims was the famous Barrister Mr. Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
Dr. Muhammad Iqbal kept on playing his role after handing over affairs to Mr. Jinnah. Dr. Muhammad Iqbal kept on reminding the principles and keys of success to Mr. Jinnah:

Nigah buland,sukhan dil’nawaz,jaan pur’soz
Yehi hai rakht-e-safar meer-e-karwan k liye

Dr. Muhammad Iqbal, The Originator of Two Nation Theory on the basis of which, a free Independent Muslim State Pakistan was created on August 14th, 1947, passed away before Pakistan's emergence on the globe and never had an opportunity to watching his dream coming true. But Pakistan, which is 60 years old now by the grace of Allah Almighty, stood up in August 1947 as per dreams and desires of it's great architect:

Who shamma bujh gaee magar us k farogh se
Qandeel-e-arzoo hai farozaan usi terha

Lahore is that City of Pakistan, which is given this honour of being the final residence of the great Philosopher Poet Dr. Muhammad Iqbal .
In March 1938, Allama Iqbal fell ill very seriously. Despite the best medical help and the most careful nursing, the poet-philosopher of Islam died in the early hours of 21st April, 1938.

Aasma teri lahed per shabnum afshaani karey
Sabza-e-norasta iss ghar ki nigehbani karey

Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah issued the following statement on the death of Allama Mohammad Iqbal:

"I am extremely sorry to hear the sad news of the death of Sir Muhammad Iqbal. He was a remarkable poet of worldwide fame and his work will live for ever. His services to his country and the Muslims are so numerous that his record can be compared with that of the greatest Indian that ever lived. He was an ex-President of the All-India Muslim League and a president of the Provincial Muslim League of the Punjab till very recent time when his unforeseen illness compelled him to resign. But he was the staunchest and the most loyal champion of the policy and programme of the All-India Muslim League……..My sincerest and deepest sympathy go out to his family at this moment in their bereavement in losing him, and it is a terrible loss to India and the Muslims particularly at this juncture."

Allama Iqbal & islam

He had started as a nationalist poet, since the major portion of poetry concerns the Muslims and Islam.

Allama Iqbal represents that moderation which is enjoined by Islam. Almost all of his basic ideas are derived form Islam but he has presented them not only for the Muslims but for the entire world. He maintains that the best solutions of the world problems lie in the Islamic way of life.

Emphasizing the supreme importance of MAZHAB (faith) for unity and strength of Muslims Iqbal pointed out:

Unki Jami'at Ka Hai Mulk-o-Nasb Per Inhesaar
Quwat-e-Mazhab Se Hai Mustehkam Jami'at Teri

His poetry was so popular especially among the youth that nearly every student had memorized some of his verses. As a matter of fact Allama Iqbal inspired Muslim youth and students of colleges who played an important role in Pakistan movement.


Prayers for improvement in conditions of Muslims and Encouragement of Muslim Youth in light of history

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